Human Rights Watch
Copyright © June 2002 by Human Rights
"My body has become sad. I have no happiness."
"There is a real madness with all this
violence. This is a whole war within the war-
TABLE OF CONTENTS
To the Government of Rwanda and the Rassemblement Congolais pour la Démocratie (RCD)METHODOLOGY
The Situation in the Kivus
Socio-economic Conditions, Displacement and Health Care
The Status of Women and Girls in Congolese Society
Poverty and Survival Sex
Sexual Violence in South Kivu
Sexual Violence in North Kivu
Children and the Elderly
The European Union
The United Nations
The Security Council, Secretary-General, and MONUC
Sexual Assault and Peacekeepers
U.N. Commission for Human Rights
International Action on HIV/AIDS
The World Bank
Information presented in this report was gathered by a team composed of Human Rights Watch researchers and members of Congolese human rights associations based in Goma, Bukavu, and Uvira. We wish to thank our colleagues in eastern Congo, who risk their lives to defend the rights of others, for their commitment and assistance. We also wish to thank all those who took the time and courage to speak to the delegation, in particular the survivors themselves.
This report was written by Joanne Csete, director of Human Rights Watch's Program on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights, Juliane Kippenberg, NGO Liaison in the Africa Division of Human Rights Watch, and a consultant of the Africa division. Tony Tate, consultant, also contributed to the research. The report was reviewed by LaShawn R. Jefferson of the Women's Rights Division, Wilder Tayler, Legal and Policy Director, and Janet Fleischman and Suliman Baldo of the Africa Division of Human Rights Watch. It was edited by Alison Des Forges and Michael McClintock. Production and coordination assistance was provided by Jeff Scott, Patrick Minges, Maria Burnett-Gaudiani, and Veronica Mathushaj.
Human Rights Watch recognizes with appreciation funding for work on the Democratic Republic of Congo from the Oak Foundation.